One of the tools that I need to implement to address SDOH is indices. Based on the analysis, the
Health Opportunity Index (HOI) is a univariate method that can be utilized more effectively to recognize
and comprehend the complex interactions of intricate social determinants of health (SDH) at the census
tract level that affect the ability to attain optimal health. The vulnerability index for each census tract is
found by adding up the number of flags in that area. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the
Commonwealth Fund developed this tool. When calculating the HOI, people use a method called principal
component analysis, which is a kind of data reduction, to identify the influence SDH has on optimum health
in lower census areas. People highlight the potential effectiveness of using 13-input factors to derive a
reinforced metric of health (HOI) score to help recognize the most vulnerable members of society during
the current pandemic (Ataguba & Ataguba, 2020). This is done amid continuing health inequities and
the current COVID-19 pandemic. As indicated, the findings pinpointed census tracts associated with
populations at risk for unequal COVID-19-related health outcomes.
The HOI is one example of a tool that can be used to illustrate how the SDOH can improve the
health of a community as a whole. The Health Outcomes Index (HOI) is a way to find the local factors that
lead to bad health outcomes. To better target health improvement efforts, the HOI can be used to pinpoint
low-performing areas and eliminate health inequalities (Ataguba & Ataguba, 2020). This way, census
tracts with the poorest values for diverse health outcomes were easily identified using convergence analysis.
Based on our findings, the HOI composite score and the creation of additional scores may guide
mitigation/intervention practices, potentially allowing for more precise targeting of mitigation/intervention
tactics for susceptible populations during outbreaks like the current pandemic.